With this sanguinary order in his pocket, and with his mind made up unhesitatingly and rigorously to execute it, he did not hesitate to spend the evening of the massacre playing at cards with John and Alexander Macdonald, the sons of the chief, to wish them good night at parting, and to accept an invitation from Glencoe himself to dine with him the following day. It is unlikely that Glenlyon knew at this point what he would be ordered to do next. [31], A Commission was set up to determine whether there was a case to answer under 'Slaughter under trust', a 1587 law intended to reduce endemic feuding. With this sanguinary order in his pocket, and with his mind made up unhesitatingly and rigorously to execute it, he did not hesitate to spend the evening of the massacre playing at cards with John and Alexander Macdonald, the sons of the chief, to wish them good night at parting, and to accept an invitation from Glencoe himself to dine with him the following day. '[29] The impetus behind an inquiry was political; as a former member of James' administration, who then became a supporter of the new regime, Stair was unpopular with both sides. [8] Stair's letters increasingly focused on enforcement, reflecting his belief forged or not, none of the signatories intended to keep their word. While the Maclain of Glencoe was promised safety, Dalrymple saw an opportunity to make an example of the King’s strength. [45], Its continuing emotional power was demonstrated in 1998, when a plaque was installed at a granite boulder south of Carnach. The Highland Jacobites sought counsel from France and a form of peace briefly settled as clansmen waited a response. As Captain of the Argylls' Grenadier company, Drummond was senior to Glenlyon; his presence appears to have been to ensure the orders were enforced, since witnesses gave evidence he shot two people who asked Glenlyon for mercy. The crime was committed by soldiers under the command of Archibald Campbell, a Scotsman in the service of William III, King of England and Scotland who came to power following the revolution a few years prior. [40], Victorian Scotland developed values that were pro-Union and pro-Empire, while also being uniquely Scottish. Sir John Dalrymple, the Master of Stair (that is the heir-apparent of the Earl of Stair), one of William's principal advisers with regard to Scottish affairs, found an opportunity for destroying the small clan of the Macdonalds of Glencoe. Leave the McLeans to Argyll...[14] In January, he wrote three letters in quick succession to Sir Thomas Livingstone, military commander in Scotland; on 7th, the intention was to ....destroy entirely the country of Lochaber, Locheal's lands, Kippochs, Glengarrie and Glenco...; on 9th ...their chieftains all being papists, it is well the vengeance falls there; for my part, I regret the MacDonalds had not divided and...Kippoch and Glenco are safe. Other poetic references include Letitia Elizabeth Landon's "Glencoe" (1823), T. S. Eliot's "Rannoch, by Glencoe" and "Two Poems from Glencoe" by Douglas Stewart. These are not like traditional British scones, but more of a potato pancake, and often served with sausage and bread. “It’s a great work of charity to be exact in rooting out the damnable sept, the worst in all the Highlands.”. In preparation to carrying out the massacre, two companies of Argyle’s regiment, a total of about 120 men, under the command of Captain Robert Campbell of Glenlyon, were ordered to proceed to Glencoe by the beginning of February, and under pretext, to remain there and await further orders. [30], The Massacre was referenced in a 1695 pamphlet by Jacobite-activist Charles Leslie, entitled Gallienus Redivivus, or Murther will out, &c. Being a true Account of the De Witting of Glencoe, Gaffney. This was the treacherous and cold-blooded order ruthlessly carried out on 13 February 1692, when the Campbells slaughtered their hosts the MacDonalds at the Massacre of Glencoe. Account & Lists Account Returns & Orders. [2], Levies from all four served in the Independent Companies used to suppress the Conventicles in 1678–80, and took part in the devastating Atholl raid that followed Argyll's Rising in 1685. Nov 26, 2019 Susan Grimshaw rated it it was amazing. Today, the region is popular with outdoor enthusiasts who pursue such activities as hiking, climbing and skiing. It was Captain Robert Campbell of Glenlyon, a desperate man who had lost his all through gambling, who carried out Stair’s final order, 'to put all to the sword under seventy'. ©JPIMedia Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved. [23], MacIain was killed, but his two sons escaped and the 1695 Commission was given various figures for total deaths. Muster rolls also show that Campbells made up a minority the government-backed troops dispatched to Glencoe. So while the massacre was carried out by … Despite assurances at Fort William that McIain would be protected, word was delivered to Dalrymple at his office in Kensington Palace by Archibald, 10th Earl of Argyll, Chief of Clan Campbell, that MacIain’s certificate was void. '[24] Recent estimates put total deaths resulting from the Massacre as 'around 30', while claims others died of exposure have not been substantiated. The massacre of the MacDonald’s of Glencoe is one of the most notorious acts of infamy in Scottish history and is remembered even now with bitter distaste by many of that clan. The Massacre of Glencoe came against the backdrop of civil war in the British Isles. It is unlikely that Glenlyon knew at this point what he would be ordered to do next. The infamy of the massacre of Glencoe is not so much in the numbers killed, but in the way it was carried out. [1], Casualties would have been higher, but, whether by accident or design, Hamilton and Duncanson arrived after the killings had finished. Le massacre de Glencoe (écossais : Mort Ghlinne Comhann) s'est déroulé dans la vallée de Glen Coe en Écosse, tôt dans la matinée du 13 février 1692, à l'époque de la Glorieuse Révolution et du jacobitisme. Massacre of Glencoe, (February 13, 1692), in Scottish history, the treacherous slaughter of members of the MacDonald clan of Glencoe by soldiers under Archibald Campbell, 10th earl of Argyll. You are hereby ordered to fall upon the rebels, the McDonalds of Glencoe, and put all to the sword under seventy. [10] His approval was sent on 12 December, and received by Glengarry on the 23rd, who did not share it until the 28th. This differs from their testimony to the Commission and is unlikely, since they arrived hours after the killings, which were carried out at the opposite end of the glen. Glencoe is a village located in the Scottish Highlands about 90 miles north of Glasgow. It was used as a subject by Thomas Campbell and George Gilfillan, whose main claim to modern literary fame is his sponsorship of William McGonagall , allegedly the worst poet in … In order to continue read the entire music sheet of The Massacre Of Glencoe Mort Ghlinne Comhainn you need to signup, download music sheet notes in pdf format also available for offline reading. [7], On 26 August, a Royal Proclamation offered a pardon to anyone taking the Oath prior to 1 January 1692, with severe reprisals for those who did not. The massacre was only one in a series of incidents deemed as such, including the Darien scheme, the famine of the late 1690s, and the Union of 1707. He first went to nearby Fort William, which at that time was a government military base. Fugitives were helped at Castle Stalker, a safe place for Clan Campbell, according to tradition. He was to spare none below the age of seventy. The Massacre of Glencoe (Scottish Gaelic: Murt Ghlinne Comhann) took place in Glen Coe in the Highlands of Scotland on 13 February 1692. History of Glencoe. Dalrymple was appointed Secretary of State of Scotland during the reign of William II and had virtual control of his affairs north of the border. Despite victory at the Battle of Killiecrankie on 27 July, Dundee was killed along with 600 Highlanders; the survivors spent the winter in Lochaber, before organised Jacobite resistance ended with defeat at Cromdale in May 1690. [19] The Glencoe MacDonalds themselves were similarly billeted on the Campbells when serving with the Highland levies used to police Argyll in 1678. Tuesday, 7th February 2017, 1:41 pm . But the multiple deaths - a further 40 perished in the snow after their homes were set on fire - were the result of far more than the inter-clan warfare of the Campbells and the MacDonalds. [34] While Stair was dismissed as Secretary of State, he returned to government in 1700 and was made an earl by the last Stuart monarch, Queen Anne. [12] Glengarry did not swear until 4 February, with others doing so by proxy, but only MacIain was excluded from the indemnity issued by the Scottish Privy Council. Other examples include James MacDonald, who locked his parents inside their house, then set fire to it in 1597, and the killing of prisoners following the 1647 Battle of Dunaverty. Glenlyon died in Bruges in August 1696, Duncanson was killed in Spain in May 1705, Drummond survived to take part in another famous Scottish disaster of the period, the Darien Scheme. The 1693 Highland Judicial Commission tried to encourage use of the law to resolve issues like cattle-theft, but it was undermined by the clan chiefs, as it reduced control over their tenants. [27], The killings first came to public attention when a copy of Glenlyon's orders was apparently left in an Edinburgh coffee house, then smuggled to France and published in the Paris Gazette of 12 April 1692. Duncanson was two hours late, only joining Glenlyon at the southern end at 7:00 am, after which they advanced up the glen burning houses and removing livestock. The order to slaughter the MacDonalds came from London at the urging of the Secretary of State for Scotland, John Dalrymple. He was to spare none below the age of seventy. This is the original order sent to Captain Robert Campbell of Glenlyon, instructing him to kill the MacDonalds of Glencoe. In 1691, King William the Third, recognising the resurgence of the Jacobite cause, ordered all the clan chiefs to sign an oath of allegiance by 1st January 1692. The Massacre was ordered by Sir John Dalrymple, Secretary of State of Scotland, as punishment for the MacDonald’s chief, MacIain, not swearing the oath of loyalty to the new king, William of Orange, before the deadline of 31st December 1691. Updated Wednesday, 1st March 2017, 9:55 am. This was the treacherous and cold-blooded order ruthlessly carried out on 13 February 1692, when the Campbells slaughtered their hosts the MacDonalds at the Massacre of Glencoe. On 1 st February 1692, ten days before the massacre, they were ordered to march into Glencoe and await further instructions. Conflict: The Massacre at Glencoe was part of the repercussions of the Glorious Revolution of 1688. This document contains the order for one of the most infamous acts in Scotland's history — the massacre in Glencoe. He was appointed as a member of the Privy Council of Scotland and lobbied hard for the Act of Union in 1707. [13], Stair's letter of 2 December to Breadalbane shows the intention of making an example was taken well before the deadline for the Oath but as a much bigger operation; ...the clan Donell must be rooted out and Lochiel. This was the treacherous and cold-blooded order ruthlessly carried out on 13 February 1692, when the Campbells slaughtered their hosts the MacDonalds at the Massacre of Glencoe. Order for the massacre of Glencoe This is the original order sent to Captain Robert Campbell of Glenlyon, instructing him to kill the MacDonalds of Glencoe. The exception was Lochaber, persistently identified as a refuge for cattle raiders and thieves by government officials, other chiefs and even Gaelic poets. Sort order. But with the National Trust for Scotland, which today owns much of the glen, preparing to launch a new, £300,000 archaeological investigation into its history, now is an opportune moment to reconsider the events of 1692. By May 1690, the Jacobite rising of 1689 was no longer a serious military threat but unrest continued in the remote Highlands; with William also engaged in the Nine Years War, the Scottish government was under pressure to end it. They agreed to do so in the June 1691 Declaration of Achallader, the Earl of Breadalbane signing for the government; in July, the Battle of Aughrim ended the War in Ireland and immediate prospects of a Restoration. Instead, Alasdair was directed to the Sheriff at By The Newsroom. Write a review. Try The killing of 38 members of the MacDonald clan on February 13 1692 by Campbell-led government troops is one of the darkest … [20], Highland regiments were formed by first appointing Captains, each responsible for recruiting sixty men from his own estates. Written by Jim McLean and published by Duart Music, 1963, "Massacre Of Glencoe", "The Massacre Of Glencoe" or simply "Glencoe" is not the first song to be written about this infamous, shameful and senseless act of what would today be called ethnic cleansing in the Scottish Highlands. However, the Governor at Fort William denied he had the requisite authority to accept the Oath. Primarily directed against areas in Cowal and Kintyre settled by Lowland migrants, it destabilised large parts of the central and southern Highlands, and the government of James II had to use military force to restore order. [4], However, a continuing low level Scottish insurgency used resources William needed for the Nine Years' War. Dalrymple’s family crest is said to resemble the nine of diamonds playing card, with the card sometimes called the Curse of Scotland. He was to spare none below the age of seventy. The order for the massacre of the MacDonalds at Glencoe, 1692. Expecting you will not faill in the full-filling hereof, as you love your selfe, I subscribe these with my hand  att Balicholis  Feb: 12, 1692. sfn error: no target: CITEREFLenman1995 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFLenman1991 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFSomers1843 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFPreeble1968 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFMacaulay1859 (, "Site Record for Glencoe, Massacre Of Glencoe Memorial; Macdonald's Monument; Glencoe Massacre", "Game of Thrones author George R R Martin why he wrote the red wedding", "An Account of the depredations committed on the Clan Campbell and their followers during the years 1685 and 1686", "Managing the Early Modern Periphery: Highland Policy and the Highland Judicial Commission, c. 1692–c. The Massacre of Glencoe came against the backdrop of civil war in the British Isles. On December 30, Alistair McIain of Glencoe - head of a sept of Clan Donald - was crossing the north in deep wintry conditions in order to sign the pledge. [37], The brutality of the Massacre shocked Scottish society and became a Jacobite symbol of post-1688 oppression; in 1745, Prince Charles ordered Leslie's pamphlet and the 1695 Parliamentary minutes reprinted in the Edinburgh Caledonian Mercury. [a] Campbell carried orders for 'free quarter', an established alternative to paying taxes in what was a largely non-cash society. Who ordered the Glencoe Massacre - and why? King James VII of Scotland and II of England was a poor king by any standard: hot-headed, naïve, politically callous and worst of all for many, an adherent to the … In addition, links between Irish and Scottish branches of the MacDonalds, as well as Scots and Irish Presbyterians, meant unrest in one country often spilled into the other. This was because MacIain, leaving it to the last minute, had travelled to Fort William instead of Inveraray to swear the oath. Mistakenly, he went to Fort William and then was sent on to Inverary, a Campbell stronghold three days away ,to pledge his allegiance to the King via the sheriff. It was a significant element in the persistence of Jacobitism in the Highlands, and remains a powerful symbol for a variety of reasons. The massacre was launched on February 13 1692 after the King ordered Captain Robert Campbell of Glen Lyon to attack his hosts and “put all to the sword under seventy”. The resulting massacre is remembered not just for its premeditated brutality but for its violation of an unwritten code of conduct: the perpetrators of the deed had enjoyed the hospitality of … The Massacre Of Glencoe Mort Ghlinne Comhainn We give you 1 pages partial preview of The Massacre Of Glencoe Mort Ghlinne Comhainn music sheet that you can try for free. Glencoe was a popular topic with 19th-century poets, the best-known work being Sir Walter Scott's "Massacre of Glencoe". This suggests the Episcopalian Glencoe MacDonalds only replaced the Catholic Glengarry as the target on 11 January; MacIain's son John MacDonald told the 1695 Commission the soldiers came to Glencoe from the north '...Glengarry's house being reduced.'[16]. Who Ordered the Massacre of Glencoe - He is known as the “Curse of Scotland” for his role in the Glencoe Massacre, the government minister whose exploits went largely unpunished following the infamous murders which took place 325 years ago this week. Glencoe village today. The massacre . Two rival dynasties vied for the throne in far off London; but the fighting, the repercussions and the bloodshed would be felt most in the heart of the Scottish Highlands. It was an act of official policy, conceived by a Secretary of State for Scotland, Dalrymple, and executed by a Scottish commander- in- chief, approved by the King, and carried out by a regiment in the British Army. Retrouvez Order for the Massacre of Glencoe et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. At this time the MacDonalds of Glencoe, a minor branch of the mighty clan, were headed by Alasdair who set off on December 30th 1691 to swear allegiance. A Song of Ice and Fire author, George R. R. Martin, cites the Glencoe Massacre as one of two historical influences on the infamous "Red Wedding" in his 2000 book A Storm of Swords. Written by Jim McLean and published by Duart Music, 1963, "Massacre Of Glencoe", "The Massacre Of Glencoe" or simply "Glencoe" is not the first song to be written about this infamous, shameful and senseless act of what would today be called ethnic cleansing in the Scottish Highlands. It was used as a subject by Thomas Campbell and George Gilfillan, whose main claim to modern literary fame is his sponsorship of William McGonagall , allegedly the worst poet in … [49] It was used as a subject by Thomas Campbell and George Gilfillan, whose main claim to modern literary fame is his sponsorship of William McGonagall, allegedly the worst poet in British history. An historical account of the massacre, in February 1692, of the small Clan MacDonald of Glencoe by Campbell of Glenlyon's troops under orders from the English Government. Other historians have disregarded this. You are to have a special care that the old Fox and his sons do upon no account escape your hands, you are to secure all the avenues that no man escape.” Glencoe Massacre Memorial Inscription (Photo credit: Kim Traynor) The massacre began at 5am the next morning. This was the treacherous and cold-blooded order ruthlessly carried out on 13 February 1692, when the Campbells slaughtered their hosts the MacDonalds at the Massacre of Glencoe. The killing of 38 members of the MacDonald clan on February 13 1692 by Campbell-led government troops is one of the darkest … In 1691 all Highland Clan Chiefs were required to swear and sign an oath of loyalty to the new, protestant King William III by no later than 1 January 1692. Dalrymple was not a fan of the Jacobite cause, Highland culture, or the MacDonalds themselves. In 1691, King William the Third, recognising the resurgence of the Jacobite cause, ordered all the clan chiefs to sign an oath of allegiance by 1st January 1692. Make an example of the Glencoe massacre helped forge the bitter association government military base people... 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