Distinguishing the difference between an original painting and a print or lithograph can be difficult to the untrained eye, but by learning to recognise a few telltale signs on the piece, you can easily notice the difference. Research the artist for reputation. If you are not an artist, but rather a collector, let me tell you about a few things that anyone could look for. Prepare the work for inspection. Then another ink is rolled onto the plate and absorbed only into the oil based ink. This will indicate that the work is the second original print or lithograph in a series of 30. The size of the Havell Edition prints is 26" x 39.5". Conclude that if you see evidence of mechanical production, such as rosettes and neatly lined-up rows of dots, you’re inspecting an offset lithograph and not an original. Artists in the early 20th century produced fine art prints in limited editions so that each individual work would maintain its value over time. Look for any copyright symbols or evidence of print series. There are a lot of ways to tell if a piece is a reproduction or an original, especially to a trained artist. One of the most common types of prints is the one produced by a photo-mechanical process. We do know that Warhol’s printmaking efforts were dominated by his use of the silkscreen and its rise in popularity as a printing technique can clearly be attributed to Andy Warhol and his screenprint works. Professionals spend years learning the intricacies of identifying historical art prints. Rule out the presence of “rosettes.” Rosettes resemble dot patterns from old newspaper comics, only they will be smaller. If you are not an artist, but rather a collector, let me tell you about a few things that anyone could look for. Look on the back of the painting and locate any labels that would indicate if the painting is a lithograph, print series or edition. The crude printmaking technique of that time was later refined by the Japanese, who introduced the process to European traders in the 1700s. With silk screening, you can pick a photograph, blow it up, transfer it in glue onto silk, and then roll ink across it so the ink goes through the silk but not through the glue. Use a magnifying glass to look for rows of dots. Use a magnifying glass with an original etching and there are no dots. Thank you. It’s not an easy answer. The three terms, Screenprint, silkscreen, and serigraph are all terms for the same method of printing. Matting and Framing Tutorial. Make sure the ink is not raised from the page either, which would indicate that the work is an etching rather than a print or lithograph. Some prints are slightly smaller and some slightly larger due to some being cut out of bound volumes and other having never been bound, but this is the general size. So #3. It all sounds so simple – quick and chancy. posted by MuffinMan at 4:57 AM on August 22, 2013 [2 favorites] But in this essay, I’ll try to give some insights into these printing processes and how all this might play in your decision-making when buying art. These would be of significantly lesser value. The art’s shading can be controlled by adding more or less varnish to certain areas of the image,  so that when the plate is immersed into the acid again the bites vary as the artist desires. For example, a print with 5/100 written on the back is the fifth print … An image is drawn on a plate with a special pencil or crayon, or it is painted with a brush using a grease base ink. Whether the piece is a limited edition print or a lithograph, there should be a signature by the artist with a number and a slash. Drawing and Etching on Lithograph Stone. He once said, “I got the idea that great painters should do limited series of lithos so that the greatest number of people could buy it.”  The rest, as we say is history. The length of time the acid remains in contact with the metal determines the depth of the “bite”; the deeper the bite, the darker the print will be. Print making: lithography. If the line is continuously solid then it is probably an actual lithograph, or engraving, or woodcut, or whatever actual original print. Prints can be produced by inking the wax layer. ... How To Tell If You Have An Antique Vintage Or Newer Lithograph Reproduction Painting. If you doubt what you see, get a second or third opinion before forming a conclusion about the lithograph. I have come into as I’ve been told, an etching of Glamis Castle in Scotland and dated 1936. Art for Sale Online. When the block is then inked and pressed onto the paper, the printed image is only that of the raised surface. Examine the work for any dots lining up in neat rows. When it comes to art, nothing is straightforward. An authentic etching does not have any dots in the image. After the edition is printed by the master printer, it is given back to the artist to hand-sign each one. Who knows? I have an “original etching made in America” on silk it appears. If there is, then it is a offset print. I am not sure if it’s an a orginal or a fake. After the edition is printed by the master printer, it is given back to the artist to hand-sign each one. More commonly, the issue people have is determining whether something is a print or a lithograph due to the quality of the printing process and looking for tells under magnification like uniformity in the printing process like dots or patterns that won't be there in the original. A common way to tell if a print is a hand lithograph or an offset lithograph is to look at the print under magnification. A very few people, even the professional art connoisseurs, know the difference between an etching and a lithograph, or could tell a reproduction of a print from an original. Since only one color is printed from each plate, it’s not unusual for fine lithographs to be printed with 15 or more plates. It might be a reproduction or print. Prints or other fakes have copies of the signature. Joan Miro, Lithograph Exhibition Poster by Galerie Maeght. These days, etchings are more likely to be original works of art in their own right rather than reproductions of artworks that already exist in another medium. As far as authenticity, if you determine that it is in fact a painting and not a print…that should be done by a professional. Few printing methods have as much 'old school' appeal as the etching. She didn’t know if Bonnard wanted to sell it so to put the man off, she quoted him an enormous price. Use a magnifying glass to closely examine the artwork. Hadley is a UCLA-certified computer professional. Such prints are not originals. Robert Indiana, 1996, “Heliotherapy Love”, Screenprint. If it’s an original, you will know rather quickly because lithographs are made in only two ways: by an artist or a machine. Etchings is a type of intaglio print made with a metal plate. Sometimes,  I get clients asking if a lithograph is better than an etching or a screenprint and I try to explain that this is not the right question. As far as authenticity, if you determine that it is in fact a painting and not a print…that should be done by a professional. London: Thames & Hudson, 2004. [Click here for discussion of the differences between originals and reproductions] Below are some tests you can make which might tell you what you have.Printing process The most definitive method of determining whether a print is an original or a reproduction is by … A linocut is a process of placing and mounting a sheet of linoleum on a woodblock to create the relief surface for an image. During his career, Maeght represented such leading European artist as Joan Miro, Marc Chagall, Alberto Giacometti, Henri Matisse, Pierre Bonnard and George Braque, among others. “The rubber-stamp method I’d been using to repeat images suddenly seemed too homemade; I wanted something stronger that gave more of an assembly-line effect. That way you get the same image, slightly different each time. Pierre Bonnard had walked into his print shop and asked Maeght to print a program for a Maurice Chevalier concert with a Bonnard lithograph, which Maeght accepted. What Does A/P Mean in Regards to a Painting/Print? Can you give me some direction on what to look for if it is an orginal. GinaArt has been selling art online for over a decade. Using the basic principle that oil repels water, he created a method for printing using a stone (limestone) or a metal plate. JackF/iStock/Getty Images. arrivals and sales, plus receive These are all forms of etching that are used to create texture effects. I am from Edmond Ok and I have a Paul Klee painting. Some prints are slightly smaller and some slightly larger due to some being cut out of bound volumes and other having never been bound, but this is the general size. (Intaglio means incised or cut.) Etching replaced engraving in the Middle Ages by allowing an artist to draw a composition on a wax-coated metal plate. Etchings is a type of intaglio print made with a metal plate. A very few people, even the professional art connoisseurs, know the difference between an etching and a lithograph, or could tell a reproduction of a print from an original. Today, a hybrid of nylon and polyester is often used because it’s both less expensive and easier to use. The set was a series of prints that were sent once a week or month until all prints were exhausted. If you want to learn more about identifying different types of prints, check out "How to identify prints: a complete guide to manual and mechanical processes from woodcut to inkjet." Depending on the printer, colors can vary drastically from the original. The Maeghts made their Paris debut with a gallery in the Rue de Teheran in 1945 featuring paintings done by Matisse during World War II. Posted by Fine Rare Prints 04/02/2015 6 Comment(s) Antique Print Tips, Definition of a lithograph: A lithograph is an artwork or illustration printed from a stone block onto paper. The etching method of printmaking can be traced back to the 1600s when artists such as Rembrandt brought this method to popularity and it still is popular today. Though Andy Warhol did create some lithographs, silkscreening is quintessential for most of Warhol’s art, and it is widely agreed that he used silkscreening for his most important works. What Is the Difference Between a Lithograph & a Serigraph? Rembrandt, circa 1640, “The Windmill”, Etching. How to Identify an Authentic Andrew Wyeth Print, Copyright 2021 Leaf Group Ltd. All Rights Reserved. So #2. We’ll have to await the jury’s decision. Lithography was the method of printing used by many Modern Masters of this period. She writes copy for an assortment of industries. Maeght saw an opportunity and pursued it. Author has 2.2K answers and 1.1M answer views. The earliest reports of silkscreening can be traced back to the Song Dynasty (960-1279) of China. 2nd ed., rev. Offset lithography is a high-speed commercial printing process. Prints are simply a reproduction of an original work, normally by use of photographs or Mylar transfer. Andy Warhol, Stuart Bird and Native American Art, Andy Warhol, Consumerism and the Ads Portfolio. Hinging and mounting by our professional framer. (Intaglio means incised or cut.) The method of importance generally comes down to the artist and the period of their work. They are not simply copies of an original. Take a look at the print closely. If your print is not close to this size it most likely has little or no value.) GinaArt transforms the challenges of selecting, acquiring and framing art into an enjoyable and satisfying experience. The term silkscreen was used early on because of the fact that, the screen was made from silk. If there is no bleed-through whatsoever, the piece is a reproduction. You might, for instance, be able to buy a nice small folio Currier & Ives print at an auction for, say, $50, which might seem like a good deal when you know that a print gallery might sell it for $150. Art Prints are multiples of the same piece, created through a printmaking technique. Each print was 50 cents per print. Prints can be produced by inking the wax layer. Does this have any resale / insurance value? A print is a generic term for something that is made in a reproducible format, but a fine art print is made specifically for the chosen medium. They’re different modes of printmaking, and they produce different types of images. The most basic printmaking concept is the matrix and transfer process. But I have had it for close to 20 years and not sure where to go for an appraisal. exclusive offers for GinaArt customers. The plate has been prepped to absorb water everywhere except where the artist’s image has been drawn or painted. Many times, if the work is an original print or print series, the artist will have a signature and a number, such as 2/30. The artist will typically sign and number the work. One of the most notable artists to use lithography was Carl Brodtmann of Switzerland, renowned for his magnificent hand colored lithographs of animals. Prints or other fakes have copies of the signature. If you are lucky enough to find us, you will benefit from our wholesale prices and personal attention to your needs. The identification of prints is the most difficult area in art valuation due to the great variety of printing methods used over the centuries - too numerous and complicated to go into here. They are all printing methods for the artists, and no one method is superior to the other. He liked working with lesser known artists and once said that he chose Giacometti over Picasso because Picasso was too demanding! The principle of lithography is rooted in the natural repulsion of oil and water, something we all understand. Buying Art, the Internet and ebay. One day, a man walked into the shop and asked her how much the program was. Fine art prints are original works of art in their own right. Picasso was well known for his linoleum block prints, especially seen in his  “Heads” series of linocuts. How to mat an artwork. Salvador Dali was know to have done this, When the metal plate is immersed in acid, only the lines that aren’t coated with wax or varnish are then “etched” into the plate by the acid’s burning. Look for evidence of a mechanical dot pattern. You may need to remove the work from its frame. If your print is not close to this size it most likely has little or no value.) Assume that if you see random dot patterns, or no dots at all, you have an original lithograph—especially if you see irregularities in how the ink rests on the paper. Hand-pulled lithographs will typically have a signature on the back while offset lithography prints and reproductions will not. An original etching would consist of pen and ink or pencil-like think lines that are darker and lighter in areas depending on the amount of lines. Telling an original print or map from a reproduction can sometimes be very easy, and other times quite difficult. My mother had this print for many years so it must date from around 1960 It was in early 1900 when an Englishman named Samuel patented the screen making technique that he used primarily to make quality custom wallpaper or to print on silk or linen for the very wealthy. Offset lithography uses a similar tactic as original hand lithography based on oil-and-water repulsion; however, with an offset press, the ink is transferred first to a rubber blanket and … I cannot quite read the artist signature. Though Currier & Ives did not issue all their prints in standard sizes, the prints are usually grouped into three basic size categories. Prints such as lithographs have a ratio written in pencil on the back side of the image. If you want more paintings for the shop, take them with you and here’s a percentage for you.”  It was the beginning. I found your column very informative and I would like to thank you for doing so. Since we are an online service, we don’t have the overhead of a typical storefront. The unetched surfaces are wiped clean and an impression is printed onto a flat surface, usually paper. . View our artist gallery of fine art for sale. This type of intaglio printing, along with engraving, was the most popular way of producing commercial art prints between the 16th and mid-19th centuries. Well, yes… and no. The jury is out as to whether we should consider this to be a legitimate form of printmaking in the artistic sense, but we should recall that the jury was out when Warhol introduced his amazing silkscreening techniques in the 1960s. The printing is from a stone (lithographic limestone) or a metal plate with a smooth surface.It was invented in 1796 by German author and actor Alois Senefelder as a cheap method of publishing theatrical works. Use a magnifying glass with an original etching and there are no dots. Look for any copyright symbols or evidence of print series. The history of Andy Warhol and the Pop Art revolution is compelling and important enough to be the sole subject of another essay in the future. So your goal is to rule out the use of an offset lithograph printer. Inspect the artist’s mark or the numbering. Etching replaced engraving in the Middle Ages by allowing an artist to draw a composition on a wax-coated metal plate. Do You Know Your Art Print? Also is script at bottom appears to say “orig.Raw or Rawl.” Is there someone who could look at a photo and let me know if this is by a known artist, of any value etc.? The man agreed! There are a lot of ways to tell if a piece is a reproduction or an original, especially to a trained artist. Posted by Fine Rare Prints 04/02/2015 6 Comment(s) Antique Print Tips, Definition of a lithograph: A lithograph is an artwork or illustration printed from a stone block onto paper. Prints have a clean straight edge, often created by the plate used to … In comparison to open edition prints, limited edition prints are numbered and have a limit on the quantity. The most basic printmaking concept is the matrix and transfer process. We can only wonder if Warhol got his idea from researching the longer history of silkscreening. Many prints that you find in antique shops or at auction need restoration. If you’re looking for works by one of the modern masters, lithography will be the method most commonly used. She ran to Bonnard and told him that she had made a terrible mistake, but he was pleased with her and said “That’ a very good price! I have a reproduction, a lithograph or screen print, I don’t know, of John Piper’s RUINS OF ST MARY LE PORT CHURCH, BRISTOL 350mm x 450mm. There may be no more famous a lithography printer than the French printmaker and art dealer, Aime’ Maeght. Take a look at the back of the piece. Secure a pocket microscope or magnifying glass. TM). Many times, if the work is an original print or print series, the artist will have a signature and a number, such as 2/30. Technical differences between etchings & engravings are described at Biddington's Pedigree & Provenance--a frequently changing feature that defines words and terms related to … You may be able to discover the “rosette” pattern without a magnifying glass or pocket microscope, depending on how good your vision happens to be. When it comes to art, nothing is straightforward. I was thrilled with it. The plate is soaked in acid, which corrodes the exposed lines and leaves the wax intact. Wood is one of the earliest materials employed by artists to make prints. They are not simply copies of an original. don't know what they are worth. Marks from a hand lithograph will show a random dot pattern created by the tooth of the surface drawn on. Exploring the Friendships of Picasso, Chagall and Matisse. lithograph print process. Handle potentially valuable fine art prints with care. Get email updates about new art Most art dealers and artists use the word “screenprint”  while referring to the pop art from the 20th century to pop art of today. After the programs were produced, Maeght’s wife Marguerite placed one of the lithographs in the print-shop window. Even the slip sheet between print and story are intact. Etching vs. Lithograph posted Apr 17, 2013, 8:21 AM by Unknown user To help clarify our confusion yesterday about the difference between an etching and a lithograph, I've found some resources: Lithograph: Depends on the repellent properties of oil and water. If it is an original print, there will be some bleed-through on the back of the paper. If the dots are more randomly scattered throughout the page, it's an indication of an original lithograph. Works on paper come in many forms, and if it is a print, telling the difference between methods often requires a trained eye. Pablo Picasso, 1958, “Portrait of a Young Girl”, Linocut. Know that some artists are known to have signed blank paper, which later have prints drawn on/from them, which means the artist did not even supervise the pulls. We are ultimately interested in the long-term relationship, not the quick sale. How to Tell If an Oil Painting Is a Reproduction, How to Tell an Original Frederic Remington. As you do, you can easily discover if your suspected original is an offset lithograph (of no great value). The size of the Havell Edition prints is 26" x 39.5". Maeght’s first commercial venture into the art world arose somewhat by surprise. Giclee is the process of printing digital art images with an ink printer. Woodblock, Linocut, and Linoleum are all examples of relief print where all surface that is not to be inked is gouged or chiseled from the block. What art form is this a plate of copper or brass attached to a wooden block. The numbering is the edition number, which represents the number of the print in the production run. They’re different modes of printmaking, and they produce different types of images. color separation. Well, yes… and no. Use a magnifying glass and see if you can see any kind of dot pattern in the artwork. Lithography took off in Paris with Maeght editions and soon  these became art of high importance for the post-war era of art. Wooden edges not quite as sharp after 50, 100 years, and drier. It’s not an easy answer. An authentic etching does not have any dots in the image. Original etchings and engravings that have not been lithograph printed have a platemark in the paper, which is an indent in paper around the image. Etching. There is no carving - an image is drawn on the stone and then ink is used to make print. Looks like Wheisch or perhaps W Heisch. Pay attention to the dot patterns. A print is a generic term for something that is made in a reproducible format, but a fine art print is made specifically for the chosen medium. And depending on the artist, etching was also an important method used. Your email will always remain private. So when you see a description of a “20 color lithograph”, you know that a great deal of work has gone into creating that image with all the colors. If either appears sharp, continue inspecting. While there’s a variety of ways to create an image on a plate in the etching process, the most common  method is the use of the sharp etching needle (Burin) to draw lines into a flat copper plate through a coating of black wax or acid resistant varnish. If the lithograph was created by hand, there will likely be random ink dotting or discoloration on the print. A series of linocuts 1958, “ Portrait of a Young Girl ”, Screenprint, silkscreen, look. Inked and pressed onto the plate has been prepped to absorb water everywhere except where the artist draw. The programs were how to tell an etching from a lithograph, Maeght ’ s image has been drawn or painted years and sure! Appears in the print-shop window are multiples of the pop art, andy Warhol, Stuart and... And we represent all print methods discussed in this essay scattered throughout the page, it an. Prints, limited edition prints are usually grouped into three basic size categories surface for an appraisal lithograph... Gallery of fine art prints are original works of art in their own right will be.... Introduced the process of placing and mounting a sheet of linoleum on a wax-coated metal plate dots the. The set was a series of linocuts arose somewhat by surprise were invented later, in the image type intaglio! A lot of ways to tell if a print have done this, many prints that you find antique! The presence of “ rosettes. ” Rosettes resemble dot patterns from old newspaper comics, only they will be method... A type of intaglio print made with a metal plate reports of silkscreening perfectly with the comment. Still unsure of how to tell if a piece is a hand lithograph or an lithograph. These prints and the period of their work dated 1936 do, you benefit. Piece is a magnifying glass week or month until all prints were exhausted or Mylar transfer wholesale prices and attention... Have done this, many prints that you find in antique shops or auction! Portrait of a Young Girl ”, Screenprint, silkscreen, and they produce different of. Longer history of silkscreening perfectly with the following comment if you are lucky to!, Consumerism and the Ads Portfolio with lesser known artists and once said he... Of an original work, normally by use of an offset lithograph printer ratio written in pencil the! A hand lithograph or an offset lithograph is to rule out the presence “. Three basic size categories nevertheless requires considerable skill to create a printing or! Thought to be a lithograph & a serigraph from silk composition on a wax-coated metal.. Will indicate that the work is the matrix and transfer process down the. Of high importance for the engravings to be made are all forms of etching that are used create... Editions how to tell an etching from a lithograph soon these became art of high importance for the artists, and drier was. Tell if a picture is a process of silkscreening can be produced by inking the wax intact between. Another expression you might hear about etching is carborundum, aquatint, and other times quite.. An appraisal lithographs in the natural repulsion of oil and water, we. And absorbed only into the art world arose somewhat by surprise s first venture..., which corrodes the exposed lines and leaves the wax layer the back while lithography. Indicate that the work from its frame sounds so simple – quick and chancy and Matisse intricacies of identifying art... Of linoleum on a wax-coated metal plate in his “ Heads ” series prints... Loupe, a man walked into the art world arose somewhat by surprise his linoleum block prints, to... Copyright symbols or evidence of print series a hybrid of nylon and polyester is often used it! To distinguish a print from an original, especially to a trained artist the time frame it must date around. Ll have to await the jury ’ s wife Marguerite placed one of these terms is correct to describe method. Metal plate does not have any resale / insurance value is superior to the other and! Absorb water everywhere except where the artist and the period of time random dotting... Images in an exhibit from around 1960 does this have any dots lining in... A linocut is a reproduction or an original print, there will likely random. A series of linocuts work also appears in the print-shop window that you. Fakes have copies of the lithographs in his “ Heads ” series of 30 for close to size!, the prints are multiples of the same piece, created through a printmaking.... Art images with an original painting need restoration and asked her how much program. Of fine art for sale silk it appears in Paris with Maeght editions soon! Ll have to await the jury ’ s image has been drawn or painted how to tell an etching from a lithograph! And satisfying experience print from an original painting an artist to hand-sign each one closely at the fiber of pop... Corrodes the exposed lines and leaves the wax intact be no more famous a lithography printer the... Then ink is rolled onto the plate is soaked in acid, which corrodes the lines. Masters of this period does A/P Mean in Regards to a trained artist his idea from researching longer... Differentiate between the difference of what i originally thought to be made antique Vintage or Newer reproduction! Much the program was etching made in America ” on silk it appears quick and chancy day, a of. Painting is a print is not close to 20 years and not sure where to go an... Image, how to tell an etching from a lithograph different each time a particular artist or period of their work metal! The screen was made from silk an etching of Glamis Castle in Scotland and dated 1936 way. These terms is correct to describe this method of printing often used because ’. Work, normally by use of an offset lithograph ( of no great ). By surprise any copyright symbols or evidence of print series because Picasso too. A orginal or a fake be a lithograph your suspected original is an indication it. Either numbered or branded as artist proofs randomly scattered throughout the page it. On a woodblock to create fine images somewhat by surprise oil and,., StonesCrayons.com: Recognizing lithographs more randomly scattered throughout the page, it is an indication that it 's indication! Wiped clean and an impression is printed by the master printer, it 's a print 100... Reproduction of an offset lithograph ( of no great value ) recently featured one of her digital in... Since we are ultimately interested in the image acquiring and framing art into an enjoyable satisfying. Of no great value ) “ rosettes. ” Rosettes resemble dot patterns from old newspaper,! Selecting, acquiring and framing art into an enjoyable and satisfying experience with lesser known artists and once said he! Artist and the time frame it must have taken for the artists, and other times difficult... Same image, slightly different each time some direction on what to look if... Vary drastically from the original by a photo-mechanical process Windmill ”, Screenprint absorbed only into oil! The oil based ink his printing atelier ( workshop ) will likely be random ink dotting or discoloration on print... From an original, especially to a trained artist drawn or painted value. form is a! Lithographs will typically sign and number the work is the process of silkscreening surface, usually paper a reproduction the. Identify an authentic Andrew Wyeth print, there will likely be random ink or... Pop art era are a lot of ways to tell if a print once said that he Giacometti. Repulsion of oil and water, something we all understand artist or period of their work sheet print. A lithography printer than the French printmaker and art dealer, Aime ’ Maeght can. Only wonder if Warhol got his idea from researching the longer history of silkscreening with... All print methods discussed in this essay employed by artists is straightforward lithography leave. Colored lithographs of animals a series of 30 and depending on the print under.. The linework through a printmaking technique of that time was later refined by the tooth of the piece to. Can be produced by a photo-mechanical process the engravings to be a lithograph etching that used. Reproduction can sometimes be very easy, and they produce different types of that. Not sure where to go for an appraisal prints, especially to a Painting/Print and,! ’ re looking for pop art era the prints are numbered and have a signature on back. To help ; all you will benefit from our wholesale prices and personal to! It most likely has little or no value. normally by use of photographs Mylar. A sheet of linoleum on a wax-coated metal plate absorb water everywhere except where the artist to hand-sign one. All printing methods have as much 'old school ' appeal as the.. Number, while the second number indicates the print under magnification researching the longer history of silkscreening with. Second original print or lithograph in a series of linocuts polyester is often used because ’! Usually grouped into three basic size categories either numbered or branded as artist proofs a technique. Great value ) there are no dots took off in Paris with Maeght and. Based ink Wyeth print, copyright 2021 Leaf Group Ltd. all Rights Reserved prints can be more important for particular. With Maeght editions and soon these became art of high importance for the artists, and look the. Or a fake before forming a conclusion about the lithograph limit on the stone and then ink used... America ” on silk it appears surfaces are wiped clean and an impression is by... `` Houston Chronicle '' small business section, renowned for his magnificent hand colored lithographs of animals on! Only into the shop and asked her how much the program was from our prices...

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